19.5.09

2009 LOGO TRENDS

By Bill Gardner

These are austere times, but the logos recently loaded onto LogoLounge.com - nearly 35,000 since 2008 - certainly do not reflect it. And that is how it should continue to be. Wary homage may be paid to marketing in lean times, but not to identity design. This are two wholly different efforts with different goals. It should set a long-term course for clients, not fall into pits carved out by economic phases.

The most recent uploads to the site still have a vibrancy of color and energy that bucks what in past years might have been considered proper corporate behavior. They set a very optimistic course.

This seventh annual trend report, as always, is as much a forecast as it is a study of the past 12 months. The past informs the future, and the recent past has such momentum that designers would be well-advised to stay this course, even when clients are only maintaining the brands they have, not creating new ones. Business may be slow, but it does not have to be dull.

In preparation for the fifth LogoLounge book, we studied and organized thousands upon thousands of new designs. As always, it's exciting to see new directions emerging. These lead to even newer meanders and connections.

One such direction is that the use of type and text is clearly more critical. Words carry a more concise message. They convey specific rather than generic information.

The increased use of text in identity design takes several forms. A designer may choose to create a wordmark, but also include the mission statement or tagline in the design. Or, he may fill a shape or symbols with more words. People are busy; money is tight. Logos must be interpreted, and interpretation takes time. Words deliver their message immediately.

Another clear direction is the increased chroma of color. Everywhere, there is a brave use of hue, even in the most unexpected places, such as in the identities of very large and conservative clients.

There's another very small item on the horizon that may have a gigantic effect on logo design in the future. When Google introduced its new favicon at the start of 2009, it was a very visible reminder of how powerful that tiny piece of real estate really is. The favicon may turn out to be a measuring stick against which the success of any new logo design might be measured - as in, can this logo be made to fit in a 15 x 15-pixel square?

The 15 trends that follow are not instructions, rules or indeed any finite accounting of all of the logo trends currently in motion. Many trends shared in previous reports are indeed still in motion.

These trends are offered as an objective report of the newest, most relevant directions. They should serve as traction in moving you forward in identity design. Revisit the full collection of the past six years' worth of trends reports at LogoLounge.com for even more context.


PhotoFill

Photography is in no way new to visual branding, although traditionally images of this nature were iconic shots of a subject or a scene. Photo images have now partnered up and been hybridized with vector based images to create a new genre.

Technologically, this was an impractical union in years past. But the challenges of complicating an identity with a halftone image have for the most part now been put to rest. If AT&T and UPS can survive in the atmosphere of a halftone world, then why can't the rest of us breathe the same air?

Often the photo serves as a background or fill in a graphic icon, though some examples have vector elements that merge into the halftone image. Think about logos that for years have been pumped full with graphic pattern. This is just a different fuel-a photo-with a higher octane.

1. El Paso, Galeria de Comunicacion, Lazar Greenhouses 2. TOKY Branding+Design, The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts 3. APSITS, DIESEL 4. Big Communications, Joe Muggs Coffee


Concealed

Every generation has its own find-the-hidden-image puzzle, whether it's Highlights Magazine or "Where's Waldo?". There is a certain fascination and visceral excitement when the viewer suddenly finds an image he has been staring at for hours. Once you've found it, you can't wipe your mind clean of it. This aha! moment is what creates the sense of ownership for the anyone who discovers the hidden level of meaning in any logo.

Ronald J. Cala II has developed a reputation for crafting compelling silhouette images such as the two young girls running hand-in-hand, a white dove formed by their clasped hands. Or Duffy Partners' hidden gander and bass in the Tall Tales Cafe identity for Gander Mountain. Years ago, FedEx discovered that the hidden arrow in its logo caused consumers to become evangelical in pointing out the hidden imagery to others.

1. Calacampania Studios, Calagraphic Design 2. Duffy & Partners, Gander Mountain 3. The Bradfor Lawton Design Group, REOC 4. Felixsockwell.com, New York Times


VariDot

Spotting a logo composed of dots has never been an issue: There is no lack of marks that contain dots in rows or grids, or that blanket an image with a Benday halftone pattern. Finding a trend here means identifying dots with unique characteristics and understanding why they are carrying on the way they are. Last year's Colorblind trend was easy to spot, but hard to explain. It may well have served as a launching point for this year's trend.

Note that the dots in these logos rely on a high degree of randomness. They seem to revel in a lack of consistency of size or color. As opposed to previous years where the spots marched with conformity, these logos glorify individuality. But at the same time they still rely on linkage to create shape. Let the dots be roommates, just not good friends.

1. Alin Golfitescu, www.humanware360.com 2. Thread Design, Head Count Asia 3. Blue Sky Design, International Filter Solutions 4. Lippincott, Zonik


Candy Stripe

Like a stack of candy Necco Wafers or a row of crayons pushed together in no particular order, this trend has the scent of a fond childhood memory. Something playful and not terribly serious is taking place here. Multi-colored ribbons in broad hues are laid together to create a field that is highly vivid but which in no way approximates the orderly nature of a rainbow.

High chroma stripes serve as the backdrop, inserted in a vector-based silhouette, or they stand on their own as a cohesive group with a like mind and message. This riot of color seems to tweak its nose at the idea of a corporate color. Diversity reigns here. This is an all-out celebration of plurality, whether as an inspired political statement or just to promote a restaurant's highly varied menu.

1. ORFIK DESIGN, DVA SA 2. Liquid Pixel Studio, Delectable Chocolate 3. juancazu, camara de comercio de bogota 4.dache, Zipliner


Texting

Text and icon combined effectively in a lock-up are nothing new. But now there's a new breed afoot. A rash of logos have been launched with not only the name of an organization but at times, the mission statement, tag line, and even location knocked out of the background.

This simplified solution can make for an economy of space, but it can also create some challenges of scale. If the design is displayed large enough to read the type, will the icon become too horsy? If the icon is kept to appropriate scale, will the type disappear?

Copy is playing an even more important role than ever in several trends this year. There is a pleasant simplicity of message here that evokes an honest nature that borders on naive in a good way.

1. Chris Rooney Illustration/Design, Heavenly Ski Resort 2. Bryan Cooper Design, Tulsa Glassblowing Studio 3.Sussner Design Company, saint barts 4. GDNSS, cheapairlines.com


Encrust

"One of something ugly is ugly. Many of something ugly is beautiful." This long-standing design adage comes to life with this trend. Sometimes you can max out embellishment to the point where the viewer is simply stupefied. These marks certainly grab the consumer's eye with purposeful and symbolic texture that helps to finish the punch line of the logo.

Scale is critical to the success of this trend. Too small and textural messages will vanish, regardless of beauty. These are not filled with a traditional pattern but are often illustrated with a unique visual message that gives context and dimension to the shape. The eye can tell there is more than one layer to these marks and that always assures the second look.

1. Mattson Creative, Career Artist Management 2. cogu design, Yvonne Coutinho 3. Graphics & Designing Inc., MTK 4. Jobi, Sam and Shahir Ahmed


Monolgue

Words have new roles here, redefined as visuals that swim in neck-to-neck competition for consumers' attention. When Landor redefined the YWCA logo four years ago, mission took top billing over the organization' name and the whole affair was crafted from an inauspicious Helvetica with no adornment.

Powerful words carry great weight. When a democratic graphic vehicle can be used to allow the professionals and the layperson to create from the same system, the odds of the message effectively reaching the public are multiplied. Think of these systems as a series of parts and pieces designed to interlink in a relatively effortless manner. This unassuming solution removes the hands off nature that could thwart progress, especially in a public movement.

1. Airside, Airplot 2. Wolff Olins, Macmillan Cancer Support 3. Base, Greene Hill Food Co-op 4. Base, Greene Hill Food Co-op, Lockup Variation


Doily

Logos served up on a lace doily like delicate confections are the most recent variant on precious embellishment and floral tracery that have been sited in trends from years past. The fine fretwork serves to create a gentle cocoon around a typically hard graphic center. The core is usually a letter form or symbol, kept straightforward with an encapsulating explosion of silhouette lace.

The dichotomy of harsh and fine balance the message of a solid entity with an approachable personality. Though this is an extension of previous trends which also expressed human tenderness and fragility, the continued use of these dainty silhouette is growing thin. The difference here seems to be the marriage between geometric pattern and organic embellishment.

1. Iperdesign, Inc., splurge dessert 2. R&R Partners, Harrah's 3. Diagram, Eligiuz 4. Gesture Studio, Isaias Gil


Flip Flop

In a year with the cinematic release of Dan Brown's "Angels and Demons." expect an expanded appreciation and interest in inversion solutions. The veteran designer John Langston was contacted by the author and commissioned to create art for several words that would read the same right side up or upside down. This art was key to the storyline, and the bestseller has reintroduced this concept to the public.

There is an indefinable magic that occurs when a consumer sees art that only has to make half a rotation to apparently return to its point of origin. Some of these solutions work with a mirrored reflection, while others are only partial inversions. Whichever way they are designed, that rotating axis becomes the device that creates participation by the consumer and that builds an affinity with the brand.

1. MINEâ„¢, Scheyer/SF 2. Pearson Education Ltd, Pearson Education 3. NOT A CANNED HAM, Graco 4. Roy Smith Design, Shaun Saxon Photography


Mosaic

E pluribus unum: "Out of many, one." This motto helps define these brilliant color mosaics. They are like a roomful of diverse pixels pushed together so tightly that there is no room for a line of division. Adjacent colors simply merge together at their shared borders to fill a shape that helps define the visual message. Traditionally a problem for any logo that anticipated living in a black and white application, this challenge becomes a point of celebration.

Not so many years ago, in 2003, Altria's multi-colored square grid logo broke ground for this trend. At the time, much was made of the designs inability to be cost-effectively reproduced in diverse print applications. Technology changes and the increased importance of an RGB environment for many companies has led to a reevaluation of reproduction concerns and a resurgence of this concept.

1. Team Y&R, Khalid Bin Haider Group 2. Kommunikation & Design, Gartenwelt Manz 3. dache, webmynd 4. NATIONAL Public Relations, Greater Montreal


Sequential

Economies, governments, and individuals continue to call for "greater transparency" in society. No longer a cry limited to the financial sector, industry is Bristol-scrubbing themselves and their products in preparation for full-body inspections. Though this is not a literal request for visual transparency, for several years, designers have taken liberties with the concept to deliver metaphoric solutions that consumers understand.

Depicting motion in sequential steps combined with transparency is the latest iteration to branch out from this trend family. Stop-motion pictoral steps created in clear, shifting colors help define process in a single un-animated image. The introduction of sequential color steps help to further define the concept by demonstrating movement: time passage through seasons, temperature shifts, or just a rainbow-colored transition that demonstrates order and harmony, not chaos.

1. Gardner Design, BiTemp 2. RedBrand, LexPro 3. metaforma design, RACE research for an alternative and clean energy 4. Schwartzrock Graphic Arts, Design Center


Recycle

Sustainability is no longer a corporate mantra to appease customers or the public. For a decade or better, companies have professed an allegiance to the cause and made every attempt to keep policy and practice as green as possible. An ever greater segment of associations and industry are emerging with sustainability as the business, not just a byproduct.

The Universal Recycling Symbol, created 40 years ago for the Container Corporation of America, has graced products and corporate literature for years. Slowly these symbols have been on an upward pilgrimage from the bottom of a container to the priciest real estate on the package face.

This three arrow recycled symbol is in the public domain but now has graduated and is being redressed as the logo itself. Design varies as dramatically: The arrows might be filled with pattern relevant to the industry, or the arrows might be replaced with the environmentally conscious product. Reuse of this symbol as a logo proves the designers have truly mastered the art of recycling.

1 .rylander design, Refabric, Inc. 2. Tyme Inc., Office Depot 3. BrandBerry, non-commercial 4. Kevin France Design, Inc., VF corp


Dandelion

Though you may well curse and despise the dandelion, there is little denying the weed's prodigious ability to propagate. A single dandelion produces hundreds of parachute-wearing seeds just waiting for the slightest wisp of wind to launch a full -scale invasion. Despite understanding the insidious process all too well, who has never picked one of these tantalizing puffballs, blown and launched 100 more weeds.

It is our affinity with this process that makes this iconic symbol a perfect logo solution. The seed ball is visually striking and easily understood, especially with a few rogue parachutes in departure. The process is so analogous to the propagation of an idea that it can't be contained. The single drifting seed embodies the idea that every seed makes it's own unique journey and relies on the will of nature to determine where it will land and grow. Graphically, the ball is so ubiquitous that interpretation can be wide and, by no means, literal: It sells the idea of freedom.

1. Ulyanov Denis, linkeeper 2. RedBrand, Barberschool 3. LaMonica Design, Morningstar Communications 4. Courtney & Company, IMC Group


Circulate

Circles are simply the building blocks and mortar of design. Symbolically, they are the perfect multipurpose icon, representing everything from eternity, the cycle of life, the earth, centering and balance, perfection, the wheel and motion, and whatever else you may need to define. This utility player aspect also detracts from the pure circle: In attempting to mean everything to everyone, it can also mean nothing to anyone.

For these reasons, it is unusual to find the humble circle investigating new visual territory. These circles, however, are focused on the depiction of transition. Whether through the animated cycling of color rotation, as in the Moving Brands solution for MindShare, or as in the static color transition created for MTK, cycles and motion are the given here. But the star of this trend is that the process of evolution does not disturb the revolution.

1. Porkka & Kuutsa Oy, Central Union of Agricultural Producers & Forest Owners 2. FutureBrand, MasterCard Worldwide 3. Moving Brands, Mindshare 4.Gardner Design, PBA Architects


Gossamer

Evolution is perhaps most dramatic when two species jump the barriers and create a new line. Two previous trend categories, Transparent logos and Blur logos, have both been recorded and broken into subsets over the last several years as they have evolved. Here the two merge successfully to demonstrate motion or convey the blending of elements.

Transparency still delivers the dictum that a process is open to the public and nothing is obscured. It also continues to be novel enough to consumers that it plays a pretty important role as eye candy. The blur or out-of-focus edge in these marks works in a similar fashion as an optical illusion that is confrontational to the eye and has to be dealt with.

1. Michael Freimuth Creative, Tone Animation, LLC. 2. Roy Smith Design, Hooke Laboratories 3. Roman Kotikov, Soft cafe 4. Alin Golfitescu, mobilink pakistan


Minor Trends

Some categories emerged this year that did not qualify for their own lanes, but which are still worthy of mention.



Peepshow: Halftone imagery is increasingly being used for fill inside of vector images instead of solid color fill.

Wrijfhout, Clq.nl - City of Delft

Psychosis: Another new sort of fill is more psychedelic-crazy lines and patterns projected onto other shapes.

Valhalla | Design & Conquer , Adio Shoes

Embroidery: There's plenty of what could be called dotted line or stitching at work. Either approach produces a sense of the hand-made.

Squires and Company, Chico's

Stained Glass: Imagine a stained glass window, but turn the lead white: That sort of mosaic of color is taking shape.

R&R Partners, Harrah's

3D Curls: We're still seeing plenty of 3-D ribbons, although these are a departure from the "cause" ribbons that have been so prevalent of late. These ribbons take on new forms and shapes, like letters or a complete logo.

Gardner Design , Surency

Color Ring: Think of a series of brightly colored, transparent rings, loosely layered on each other to create porthole of many colors.

Martin Jordan , Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports Brandenburg

Celtic: Highly geometric yet handcrafted forms are appearing. Like Celtic letterforms or knots, they have nodules and serifs that are unique and have flourish, but which are also refined. These have a wonderful balance between the manufactured and the man-made.

Karl Design Vienna, Burmahlife Austria

Bill Gardner is principal of Gardner Design and creator of LogoLounge.com, a unique web site where, in real-time, members can post their logo design work; study the work of others; search the database by designer's name, client type, and other attributes; learn from articles and news written expressly for logo designers; and much more. Bill can be contacted atbill@logolounge.com.

advertiser-in-arabia portfolio (Volvo)







Ramadam offer campaign





Brand Awareness concept "safety from day one




New Model launch event






Direct Marketing, Press. In-showroom & Eid greeting card



"5" promotion, Press ad



 




























































































Vertical press ad's 2007

Pomegreat – Pomebloodybrilliant


This is the story of how Feather Brooksbank helped Pomegreat become Pomebloodybrilliant.

1. THE POM STORY SO FAR...

We pick the Pomegreat story up at a time of massive change for the brand. Since its launch in 2004, Pomegreat has grown from a niche product to one which has gained full distribution in all five major grocery multiples. A hugely successful PR campaign implemented since launch got people talking Pomegreat ... especially in connection with the health benefits the juice brings.

Whilst PR established the brand's identity and got people's attention, an above the line media campaign was needed to convert the PR noise into actual sales. The media campaign began as the PR offensive finished, enabling us build on its success whilst isolating the media activity in direct relation to volume sales.

Feather Brooksbank were appointed by Chartered Brands in January 2006 with the specific brief to raise awareness and trial of Pomegreat. Chartered Brands wanted to raise brand awareness from 16% to 30% by the end of the year, and to increase trial by 50% from a level of 6% at the start of the year.

Pomegreat's existing customer base tended to be 45+ ABC1 with a female bias, and the main reason for purchase being for heart health. We were tasked with expanding this audience through identifying areas of highest growth potential, and emphasising additional reasons for purchase such as more general health benefits, taste and refreshment.

This is what we did...

2. SEEDING SUCCESS

Living the Brand...

We started our work on Pomegreat at a time of great potential for what is quite an unusual brand. The PR campaign implemented throughout 2004–05 had established the health credentials of the product, but the brand itself suffered from a lack of overall brand awareness and brand equity, despite distribution in all five of the UK's main supermarkets.

Most importantly Pomegreat had no direct competition as the UK's main pomegranate juice, allowing us to create a unique position through media placement.

We therefore started by asking some basic questions....

  • Where does it sit on the shelf?

  • What do people think of the packaging?

  • Is it tasty?

  • Would you buy it?


In addition to interviewing consumers across the five main supermarkets to gauge initial reactions, we conducted an Aegis wide questionnaire to gain further insight. Our findings proved invaluable to the media thinking behind the campaign.

would drink instead of cranberry – maybe at breakfast or with vodka

Females, 30s

can you eat pomegranates?

Male, 20s

really nice – feels quite healthy – sweet

Female, 30s

I noticed that Sainsbury's are selling pomegranate already deseeded so its all ready for you. Also noticed that loads of the home/food mags are using it, must be trendy just now!

Female 40s

From our initial work, we found out that:

  • Pomegranates suffer from a poor initial perception, often through lack of knowledge about the fruit.

  • There was general confusion about how juice can be made from a fruit that is “all pips”.

  • The vast majority (90%) of people who tried Pomegranate juice said they liked it (70%) or thought it was ok (20%) (source: FB Research, sample size: 212).

3. POM'S PEOPLE

Who's Drinking Pomegreat? Who should be Drinking Pomegreat? How can we get them to Drink More?

Using TGI (Target Group Index), we segmented all drinkers of fruit/vegetable juice into like minded groups, based on their attitudes to food & drink, shopping and health.

Eight segments were identified, representing different sizes of the overall fruit/vegetable juice drinking market.


8 Audiences

These eight segments were then profiled against TGI Lifestyle data to paint a more in depth picture of their purchasing habits and attitudes.

Taking into account these lifestyle habits and looking at the percentage of the fruit drinking market each group represented, we concentrated on two segments – Detox/Retox and Back to Nature, together representing 24% of the market.

These two audiences were chosen specifically to enable us to achieve our objective of raising awareness, converting to trial and broadening the appeal of the product.

Our Back to Nature segment – older and upmarket – represented Pomegreat's existing audience. Our job here was to maintain this audience and encourage them to purchase more.


Back to Nature

Detox/Retox was the biggest segment in terms of size, offering the greatest potential for product growth. It also gave us the biggest scope for widening the appeal of the product beyond its health benefits, and presenting Pomegreat as a lifestyle commodity. This audience – a younger but still affluent audience – would allow us to be bold, brave and original in presenting a juice drink in environments where they least expected it.


Detox/Retox

4. (POME)GREAT THINKING

“Liquid Lifestyle”...a Refreshing Strategy

Our strategic thinking was based upon a need to build on the positive PR generated through the association with health benefits, but expanding that to reflect the product's unique attributes: – that pomegranates are the Super Fruit, and a unique sensory experience, and that Pomegreat is a highly visual product with a unique colour.

Knowing that 90% of people who tried Pomegreat liked it, we could afford to be bold and beautiful amongst the juice category. Appreciating that our new target audience (Detox/Retox) are constantly seeking new, stylish experiences in their daily lives, we ignored the traditional juice category media strategies to create a unique positioning for Pomegreat ... Liquid Lifestyle.

We therefore looked at ways in which Pomegreat could be seen as a lifestyle product for the Detox/Retox segment, whilst maintaining and engaging the Back to Nature audience through innovative and unusual media placement. This meant specific media positioning to connect the brand with fashion, beauty and interiors appealing to the Detox/Retox audience, and an association with food, travel and the arts for the older Back to Nature segment.

Across both audiences, we were consistent in our choice of bold, high impact media to bring the product to life, and create the sense that Pomegreat is more than just a health drink – it's a unique taste and lifestyle sensation.

Our media thinking helped inform the creative executions, which followed the strategy of being big, bold, and utilising Pomegreat's striking colour to create a visually impactful experience.

5. PULPED

The Media Campaign...

Our bespoke research tool CCS (Consumer Connection Study) enabled us to look at our target audience's affinity with specific media channels.1


Media Relationship Map: Detox/Retox

For our Detox/Retox segment, magazines, quality press and outdoor and cinema all proved to be real communicators i.e., media with which they were both heavily exposed to and most likely to notice.


Media Relationship Map: Back to Nature

For our Back to Nature audience, quality press, magazines, direct mail and online were particularly high-affinity media.

A multimedia approach was adopted to encompass the three key media targeting the two audiences, with online catering for the Back to Nature audience, and outdoor predominantly for Detox/Retox. Underpinning both audiences was a mixture of quality press and magazines, allowing us to directly position the brand in connection with different lifestyle pursuits.

Brand positioning

PRESS

Our press strategy deliberately connected the Pomegreat brand with a variety of lifestyle and leisure pursuits relevant to both target audiences, and with the particular press title.

In each case, the aim was to position Pomegreat in surprising, lifestyle environments designed to stimulate a reaction.


Guardian Weekend Magazine (Interiors)


ES Magazine (Fashion)


ES Magazine (Beauty)


Waitrose Food Illustrated (Weekend Breaks)

OUTDOOR

The outdoor element of the campaign aimed at Detox/Retox elevated the brand above competing advertisers through the bespoke selection of premier backlit sheetage in London. The locations were specifically chosen to target stylish London urbanites – panels were selected in areas such as Shoreditch, Camden, Islington, Clapham and Battersea. The bold nature of the format ideally complimented the “liquid lifestyle” proposition.


Camden Rd, Camden


Holloway Rd, Islington


Liverpool St, East London

ONLINE

The online element of the campaign targeted the Back to Nature audience through sponsorship of Saga Magazine's Online Health section, through a banner ad and an advertorial – both of which clicked through to the main Pomegreat website. 60,000 page impressions were bought at the start of the campaign across the two formats. The success of the campaign in generating 500,700 page impressions delivered an additional £55K of media value for the client.


Saga Online Advertorial

6. PIP, PIP

Success and the Future...

The campaign greatly exceeded expectations in terms of the awareness it generated, and the trial it encouraged.

  • Overall prompted awareness amongst all adults grew from a pre campaign base of 12.6% (Jan 06) to 23.8% (November 06) – a 47% rise.

  • Amongst our two target audiences, results were similarly impressive – a post campaign increase in brand awareness from 19% to 25% amongst the Detox/Retox segment – a 31% rise.

  • For the Back to Nature audience, awareness rose from 12% to

  • 23% – representing a 92% increase.

  • Most importantly, we know this rise in awareness translated into actual sales, as trial amongst all adults rose from 6.2% to 9.5% – a 52% rise.

  • This enabled Pomegreat to be the only branded juice to add significant value in the Ambient Juice sector year on year – Pomegreat's 325% year on year value increase was offset by significant declines for both Ocean Spray and Del Monte.

  • Adam Pritchard, MD of RJA Foods was delighted with the results ... “we know the timing was right for a product of this nature to really make an impact into people's lives. The media

  • campaign perfectly built on the positive PR by expanding

  • our target audience using an imaginative and unique strategy

  • which set us apart from our immediate competitors.”

The success of the media campaign and the growth of the Pomegreat brand has enabled further investment in both product development and subsequently, in its marketing, ensuring 2007 will be ripe for further Pomebrilliance ...

ENDNOTES

  1. Consumer Connection Study (CCS) is a large quantitative research survey of 10,000 respondents available to all Aegis media groups, tracking media consumption habits through fieldwork questionnaires

7 New Skills for a Post-Pandemic Marketer

The impact of Covid-19 has had a significant impact across the board with the marketing and advertising industry in 2020, but there is hope...